Explanation: In 1940, Britain was experiencing a grave threat from Nazi Germany. Hitler had already annexed large portions of Europe, and Britain was in a fight for its life. In particular, the Nazis conducted intense bombing campaigns of Britain’s major cities. Churchill’s speech is an example of the British leader’s attempt not only to prepare his people for the possible trouble faced by the nation, but also to inspire them toward victory over the Axis Powers. Choice (D) is the best answer.