Explanation: “We possess all things,” writes the Chinese emperor; therefore, anything that the British could produce held no interest for China. While not necessarily angry, the Chinese were very clear that barbarians (including the British) were not allowed to participate in the country’s foreign or domestic affairs (A). There was no agreement with the Dutch dealing with exclusive trading privileges with the Chinese. The Dutch followed the practice of working within established Asian trading systems (B). The Chinese pointed out in the letter that no foreigner, or barbarian, was allowed free access to economic, political, or cultural systems (D).