Explanation: This question brings up the poem’s mention of “District Officers” who are demanding payment of a land tax from peasants, who are destitute after years of war. Eliminate answer choices that do not discuss bureaucrats or some organs of government. Choice (B) is wrong because the passage supports the conclusion that the Tang engaged in conscription to swell its armies. Eliminate (C) because the passage does not mention technology. Eliminate (D) because the passage makes no mention of cities, merely villages. Choice (A), which mentions bureaucracy, is correct.