Q1. In which of the following paired terms, the relationship between the active and passive forms of a sentence can be best established?
1 Deep structure—Surface structure
2 signifier signified
3 Metaphor—Metonymy
4 Syntagmatic—Paradigmatic
Answer: 1

Q2. For which one of the following reasons, in Oscar Wilde’s novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, Gray breaks down when he sees his finished portrait?
1. Overwhelmed by the beauty of the portrait
2. Overjoyed by the feeling that his beauty will be known to all
3. Distraught by the fact that his beauty will fade while the portrait stays beautiful
4. Distraught by the badly drawn portrait
Answer: 3

Q3. By which two of the following processes, according to Michel Foucault, does power operate?
(a) By right rather than technique
(b) By normalization rather than law
(c) By control rather than punishment
(d) By repression rather than agreement
Choose the correct option :
1. (a) and (c)
2. (b) and (c)
3. (b) and (d)
4. (a) and (d)
Answer: 2

Q4. Identify the two names from the following who are associated with Hermeneutics :
(a) Edmund Husserl
(b) E. D. Hirsch
(c) Martin Heidegger
(d) Stephen Greenblat
Choose the correct option :
1. (a) and (c)
2. (a) and (b)
3. (b) and (c)
4. (b) and (d)
Answer: 1

Q5. “He that is not with us is against us. He that is not against us is with us.” Who said this?
1. Charles Lamb
2. Samuel Johnson
3. Francis Bacon
4. R. W. Emerson
Answer: 3

Q6. In Eliot’s Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock who among the following painters is the subject of conversation among the perambulating women?
1. da Vinci
2. Raphael
3. Michelangelo
4. Donatello
Answer: 3

Q7. Who is the author of the essay, The Rationale of the Copy-Text?
1. Fredson Bums
2. W. W. Greg
3. R. B. McKerrow
4. Paul Maas
Answer: 2

Q8. In Which of Anita Desai’s novels does an insane wife kill her husband?
1. Voices in the City
2. In Custody
3. Cry, The Peacock
4. Baumgartner’s Bombay
Answer: 3

Q9. Which one of the following novels of Jane Austen was abandoned unfinished?
1. Northanger Abbey
2. Persuasion
3. The Watsons
4. Emma
Answer: 3

Q10. “Culture is ordinary: that is the first fact.” Which one of the following is the source of this statement?
1 The Country and the City
2. Resources of Hope
3. The Long Revolution
4. Keywords
Answer: 2

Q.11 Which of the following books is written by an Englishman in universal Latin, is further added to by the Flemish Peter Giles, is revised by the Dutch Erasmus, is printed at Louvain in 1516, later at Paris, still later at Basie, where it was illustrated by two woodcuts from the hand of the German Holbein?
1. The Golden Legend
2. Confessio Amantis
4. Erewhon
Answer: 3

Q.12 Which of the following two points Were emphasised by ‘Wood’s Despatch of 1854’?
(a) Teaching of the English language along with the study of vernacular language
(b) Compulsory inclusion of Christianity in the curriculum
(c) The gradual Withdrawal of government patronage from Indian languages
(d) The importance of female education
Choose the correct option :
1. (a) and (d)
2. (a) and (b)
3. (a) and (c)
4. (b) and (c)
Answer: 1

Q.13 What is the name of the poetic style characterized by short staccato rhymed lines, as shown below?
What can it avayle
To dryve forth a snayie,
Or to make a sayle
Of a herynges tayle?
1. Cranmerish
2. Wolseyan
3. Chaucerian
4. Skeltonic
Answer: 4

Q.14 Which one of the following is the right definition of ‘peer review“?
1. A post-publication process in which the work is submitted to a panel of reviewers for ascertaining quality
2. A pre-publication process in which work submitted for publication is evaluated for quality by experts in the field
3. A pre-publication process in which work submitted for publication is accompanied by recommendation of other experts in the field
4. A post-publication process in which the work is submitted for a professional review
Answer: 2

Q.15 What is the meaning of ‘langue’ in Saussurean linguistics?
1. Individual speech acts
2 An organized system of differences
3. The dialectic between thought and speech
4. Language in the abstract sense
Revised Answer: 1 & 4

Q.16“The great English novelists are Jane Austen, George Eliot, Henry James and Joseph Conrad.” Which one of the following critical texts begins with the above assertion?
1. Walter Allen, The English Novel
2. Terry Eagleton, The English Novel
3. F. R. Leavis, The Great Tradition
4. Ian Watt, Rise of the Novel
Answer: 3

Q.17 “The last temptation is the greatest treason
To do the right deed for the wrong reason.”
(T . S. Eliot, Murder in the Cathedral)
Why is the ‘temptation’, ‘treason’ for the speaker of the lines?

1. It is only self-serving
2. It is not intended
3. It violates a norm
4. It is conspiratorial
Answer: 1

Q.18 Match the works with authors :
(a) Image-Music-Text
(b) Why Marx was Right
(c) Mirror and the Lamp
(d) Culture and Society
(i) M. H. Abrams
(ii) Raymond Williams
(iii) Roland Barthes
(iv) Terry Eagleton
Choose the correct option from those given below :
1- (a)-(i); (b)-(ii); (c-iv); (d-iii)
2- (a)-(iv); (b-iii); (c-ii); (d)-(i)
3- (a)-(ii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
4- (a)-(iii); (b-iv); (c-i); (d-ii)
Answer: 4

Q.19 What was Gramsci’s term for cultural consensus supporting capitalism?
1 . Monopoly
2. Ideology
3. Discourse
4. Hegemony
Answer: 4

Q.20 Which one of the following paired terms is correct in its explication?
1. Phonology—Sound system
2. Semiology—Ordering of speech sounds
3. Etymology—Sign system
4. Morphology—Evolution of words
Answer: 1

Q.21 From among the following, identify the two correct statements in Johnson’s criticism of Shakespeare :
(a) His Athenians are not sufficiently Greek and his kings not completely royal.
(b) He sacrifices virtue to convenience and is more careful to please than to instruct.
(c) He adheres to strict chronology and gives to one age or nation only its own customs and opinions.
(d) He sacrifices reason, property and truth to pursue even a poor and barren quibble.
Choose the correct option:
1. (a) and (b)
2. (a) and (c)
3. (c) and (d)
4. (b) and (d)
Answer: 4

Q.22 Who among the following analysed the naturalizing of connotative meanings into myths?
1 Michel Foucault
2. Roman Ingarden
3. J. Hillis Miller
4. Ronald Barthes
Answer: 4

Q. 23 Match the following items/ideas with the writers who first used/popularized them :
(a) The Frontier Thesis
(b) The Lost Generation
(c) Third Space
(d) Structure of Feeling
(i) Raymond Williams
(ii) Homi Bhabha
(iii) F . J . Turner
(iv) Gertrude Stein
Choose the correct option from those given below :
1 (a)-(iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
2 (a)-(iii); (c)-(i); (c)-iv); (d)-(ii)
3 (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)
4- (a)-(i); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)
Answer: 3

Q.24 Which of the following plays 18 characterized by the exclusivity of a Single character talking to himself?
1. A Streetcar Named Desire
2. Equus
3. The Misanthrope
4. Krapp’s Last Tape
Answer: 4

Q.25 Which of the following aptly names the language resulting from the contact of two mutually unintelligible language systems?
1. Creole
2. Dialect
3. Colloquial
4. Pidgin
Answer: 4

Q.26 What, according to Raymond Williams, is the right description of the term ‘Cultural Materialism’?
1. The cultural effect that religion has in social life
2. The political effect that matter has in social lives
3. The material effect that culture has in wider social life
4. The effect of social life in cultural situations of uncertainty
Answer: 3

Q.27 Which one of the following is the source of the passage given below?
“I have observed with growing anxiety the career of this word culture during the past
six of seven years. We may find it natural, and significant, that during a period of
unparalleled destructiveness, this word should come to have an important role. . .”
1. F. R Leavis, Mass Civilization and Minority Culture
2. T. S. Eliot, Notes Towards the Definition of Culture
3. Raymond Williams, Culture and Society
4. Stuart Hall, Cultural Representations and Signifizing Practice
Answer: 2

Q.28 Which of the following sociologists’ ideas on the practice of receiving and giving gifts are used by J. Hillis Miller to reinforce her arguments in the essay, Critic as Host
1. Emile Durkheim
2. Max Weber
3. Marcel Mauss
4. Daniel Bell
Answer: 3

Q.29 What is the meaning of Ziauddin Sardar’s statement? “Cultural studies started as a dissenting intellectual tradition outside academia, dedicated to exposing power in all its cultural forms. But it has now become a discipline and a part of the academic establishment and its power structure.”
1. Devolution
2 Displacement
4. Dissension
Answer: 3

Q. 30 Which artistic technique best describes the interplay of light and shade in the following lines?
“I have looked at it so long
I think it is part of my heart. But it flickers.
Faces and darkness separate us over and over
A woman bends over me,
Searching my reaches for what she really is
Then she turns to those liars, the candles or the moon.
I see her back, and reflect it faithfully.”
1. Collage
2. Flashback
3. Montage
4. Chiaroscuro
Answer: 4

Q.31 Identify the stage that falls between the imaginary and symbolic stages according to Jacques Lacan :
1. Middle stage
2. Minor stage
3. Medieval stage
4. Intermediate stage
Revised Answer: Marks Given to All

Q.32 Who’s the author of the short story, The Ghost of Firozsha Bang?
1. Vikram Seth
2 V. S. Naipaul
3. Kiran Desai
4. Rohinton Mistry
Answer: 4

Q.33 Which one of the following correctly describes the meaning of Macbeth’s words ‘Life is but a walking shadow’?
1. Life is just devoid of light
2. Life is just devoid of substance
3. Life is just devoid of spirit
4. Life is just devoid of stability
Answer: 2

Q.34 Who among the following is celebrated in John Keats’s Lines on the Mermaid Tavern?
1. Jack, the Ripper
2. Bryson of the Park
3. Jack, the Giant-Killer
4. Robin Hood
Answer: 4

Q. 35 Who among the following is mourned in Walt Whitman’s 0 Captain! My Captain!?
1. R. W. Emerson
2. John Keats
3. P. B. Shelley
4. Abraham Lincoln
Answer: 4

Q.36 Which type of textual copy is concerned With an assessment of the physical details of the books and their exact relationship to the condition in which the book was planned to appear at the time of its initial publication?
1. Real copy
2. Ideal copy
3. Initial copy
4. Base copy
Answer: 2

Q.37 Which of the following works is reviewed in George Orwell’s essay, Inside the Whale?
1. Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer
2. James Joyce’s Ulysses
3. D. H. Lawrence’s Lady Chatterley’s Lover
4. Anais Nin’s Delta of Venus
Answer: 1

Q.38 Which novel by J . G. Farrell describes the experiences of a polio Victim?
1. Troubles
2. The Singapore Grip
3. The Lung
4. The Hill Station
Answer: 3

Q.39 Which two writers have written essays on the defence of poetry?
(a) Sir Philip Sidney
(b) P. B. Shelley
(C) Mathew Arnold
(d) T. S. Eliot
Choose the correct option :
l. (a) and (d)
2. (a) and (c)
3. (c) and (d)
4. (a) and (b)
Answer: 4

Q. 40 Considering the story of the novel, what does the title Dombey and Son stand for?
1. It suggests the choice between a son and a daughter
2. It suggests the commercial aspect of life
3. It suggests the opposition between a father and a son
4. It suggests the importance of a dynasty
Answer: 1

Q. 41 What term used by Ferdinand de Saussure corresponds to Noam Chomsky’s term ‘performance’?
1. Difference
2. Parole
3. Paradigm
4. Langue
Answer: 2

Q. 42 While looking for publication details of a book, a researcher may consult the book’s copyright page, which may appear
1. just after the cover
2. usually the reverse of the title page
3. invariably the reverse of the title page
4. just before the title page
Answer: 2

Q.43 Match each of the following concepts/objects with the corresponding description :
(a) Farce
(b) Props
(c) Music hall
(d) Closet drama
(i) Articles and objects used on the stage
(ii) Drama written to be read rather than acted
(iii) Characterized by broad humour, wild antics, slapsticks etc.
(iv) Variety entertainment of songs, comic turns that flourished in England through the late 19th Century
Choose the correct option from those given below :
1. (a-iv); (b-ii); (c-i); (d-iii)
2.(a-iii);(b-i); (c-iv); (d-ii)
3. (a-i); (b-iii); (C-ii); (d-iv)
4. (a-ii) (b-iv); (C-iii); (d-i)
Answer: 2

Q.44 From which Greek word does the term ‘comedy’ derive and what does it mean?
1. Comedia, largeness of heart
2. Komoidia, revel-song
3. Comedies, commodious
4. Komedieon, light foolery
Answer: 2

Q. 45 Identify the author in whose works the character Ashenden appears many times :
1. Dorothy Sayers
2. Daniel Defoe
3. D. H. Lawrence
4. Somerset Maugham
Answer: 4

Q.46 What, in sum, is Sidney’s point in the following?
“Nature never set forth the earth in so rich tapestry as divers poets have done; neither with pleasant rivets, fruitless trees, sweet—smelling flowers, not what so ever else may make the too-much-loved earth more lovely. Her world is brazen, the poets only deliver a golden” (Philip Sidney)
1. Works of art are superior to the natural world they represent
2. Works of art can often compete with the natural world represented by them
3. Neither the poets nor the natural world they set forth equal nature’s rich tapestry
4. The natural world is far superior to the works of art that represent it
Answer: 1

Q.47 Which one of the following groups of novelists has, in the given order, Captain Ahab, Hester Prynne, Roderick Usher and Daisy Miller as characters in their novels?
1. Henry James, Edgar A. Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville
2. Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar A. Poe, Henry James
3. Edgar A. Poe, Henry James, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville
4. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar A. Poe, Henry James, Herman Melville
Answer: 2

Q48. Which version of the Lyrical Ballads was the first one to have the Preface by Wordsworth?
1. 1798
2. 1800
3. 1802
4. 1804
Answer: 2

Q49. In which play, other than Julius Caesar, has Shakespeare depicted the Romans better than the Roman writers themselves have done?
1. Troilus and Cressida
2. Coriolanus
3. Romeo and Juliet
4. Two Gentlemen of Verona
Answer: 2

50. Given below are two statements—one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : Instances of beliefs triggering action are present in social life and may give rise to problems in determining ‘causality’.
Reason (R) : Beliefs may not be accompanied by or give rise to logically appropriate actions, and actions may occur which are consistent with motivations and intentions, but they often, if not usually, also have unanticipated outcomes.
In the light of the above two statements choose the correct option :
1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2. Beth (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
4. (A) is false, but (R) is true
Answer: 1

51. Read the following lines :
The apparition of these faces in the crowd :
Petals on a wet, black bough.
Which of the following poetic programmes is illustrated by the above lines?
1. The Movement
2. Naturalism
3. Symbolism
4. Imagism
Answer: 4

Q52. Who of the following are being talked about in the following lines?
“. .. you seem to misunderstand me,
By each at once her choppy finger laying
Upon her skinny lips: you should be women,
And yet your beards forbid me to interpret
That you are so.”
1. The plebeians in Coriolanus
2. The sisters in King Lear
3. The Witches in Macbeth
4. The players in Hamlet
Answer: 3

Q.53 Which of the following novels by Iris Murdoch tells the story of an ageing theatre celebrity who withdraws into a life of seclusion and writes a diary/journal/novel?
l. The Sandcastle
2. Under the Net
3. The Sea, the Sea
4. Flight from the Enchanter
Answer: 3

Q.54 What does ‘Harlem Renaissance’ refer to?
1. A scientific and rational ethos, including freedom from superstition, in 18th century Europe
2. The flourishing of African American literature in the 19205 and 19305
3. A church system, overseen by a governing hierarchy of four courts, championed by the English Puritans
4. The revelation of Christ to the Gentiles in the persons of the Magi
Answer: 2

Q.55 “To see him act is like reading Shakespeare by flashes of lighting.” About which Shakespearean actor Coleridge wrote the above line?
1. David Garrick
2. Richard Burbage
3. John Philip Kemble
4. Edmund Kean
Answer: 4

Q.56 What is ‘euphmism’?
1. Eulogical and adulatory style of writing
2. Discursive and hortatory style of writing
3. Pompous and affected style of writing
4. Exalted and gland style of writing
Answer: 3

Q.57 What is the Priest’s entreaty to Oedipus in the opening scene of Oedipus Rex?
1. To liberate Thebes from the domination of the Sphinx
2. To rid Thebes of the plague that afflicts its people
3. To afford the Thebans the luxury of newer forms of worship
4. To send Creon to seek advice from the oracle of Delphi oracle
Answer: 2

Q.58 Match the following journals with their distinguishing aims and methods of scholarship:
(a) Obsidian
(b) Clio
(c) Interventions
(d) Sign
(i) Literature, history and the philosophy of history
(ii) Literature and arts in the African diaspora
(iii) Feminist writing
(iv) Postcolonial Writing
Choose the correct option fiorn those given below :
1. (a)-(ii);(b)-(i);(c)-(iv); (d)-(iii)
2. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
3. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
4. (a)-(iii); (b-i); (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)
Answer: 1

Q. 59 Who among the following established and popularised the concept of ‘Cardinal Vowels”?
l. A. S. Homby
2. E. V. Lucas
3.Danial Jones
4. C. J. Dodson
Answer: 3

Q.60 Which one of the following arrangements of poets is in the correct chronological order?
1. William Langland, William Dunbar, Layamon
2. William Langland, Layamon, William Dunbar
3. Layamon, William Langland William Dunbar
4. William Dunbar, Layamon, William Langland
Answer: 3

Q.61 Who speaks the following lines and to whom?
“0, look upon me, sir,
And hold your hands in benediction o’er me.
No, sir, you must not knee
1. Kent to Lear
2. Cordelia to Lear
3 Goneril to Lear
4. Regan to Kent
Answer: 2

Q.62 Match the Novelist with the Publisher :
(a) Laurence Sterne
(b) Henry Fielding
(c) Frances Burney
(d) Daniel Defoe

(i) Thomas Lowndes
(ii) Andrew Millar
(iii) William Taylor
(iv) Robert Dodsley

Choose the correct option from those given below :
1. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(ii); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
4. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
Answer: 3

Q.63 All in the world know the beauty of the beautiful, and in doing this they have (the idea of) what ugliness is; they all know the skill of the skillful, and in doing this they have (the idea of) what the want of the skill is. So it is that existence and non-existence gave birth to (the idea of) the other; that difficulty and ease produce (the idea of) the other; that the length and shortness fashion out the one figure of the other; that (the idea of) height and lowness arise from the contrast of one with the other; that the musical notes and tones become harmonious through the relation of one with another; and that: being before and behind give the idea of one following another.
Which one of the following is the correct meaning of the ominous little phrase ‘the idea of in the first sentence of the passage?

1 Prior Knowledge
2 Prior imagination
3. Prior confirmation
4 Prior rejection
Answer: 1

Q.64 Why did T. S. Eliot assert that Virgil, not Homer, is the poet of Europe?
1. There are some initial moral concerns in Virgil
2. Virgil belongs to the Roman period
3. Homer was a pagan who was a renegade
4. Virgil wrote in Latin while Homer wrote in Greek
Answer: 1

Q.65 Match the critics and their works :
Critics Works
(a) Edward Said
(b) Terry Eagleton
(c) Francis Mulhern
(d) K. M. Newton
(i) The Illusion: of Postmodernism
(ii) Contemporary Marxist Criticism
(iii) Theory into Practice
(iv) Culture and Imperialism
Choose the correct option from those given below :
1. (a-iv); (b-i); (c-ii); (d-iii)
2.(a-iv); (b-i); (c-iii); (d-ii)
3.(a-ii); (b-i); (c-iv); (d-iii)
4. (a-i); (b-ii); (c-iii); (d-iv)
Answer: 1

Q.66 Which of the following combinations correctly defines the phonological system of Indian English in relation to Standard English?
(a) Absence of aspirated consonants
(b) Simplified vowel system
(c) Similar international pattern
(d) Presence of voiced aspirated consonants
Choose the correct option :
1. (a) and (b)
2. (b) and (d)
3. (c) and (a)
4. (b) and (c)
Answer: 2

Q.67 Which of the following is the accurate description of ‘dramatic irony”?
1. A character’s knowledge or expectation is contradicted by what the audience knows, or by the outcome of events
2. An audience knows or expects something to happen but the events on stage turn out to be different
3. Ironic events and expectations of actual actions and results converge in drama and the audience feels rewarded
4. A dramatist’s irony reinforces his actors’ performance, thereby fulfilling audience expectations
Answer: 1

Q.68 What is being described by Wordsworth in the following lines from his poem, The Thorn?
I’ve measured it from side to side;
’Tis three feet long and two feet wide.

1. Fallen bough
2. A cradle
3. A small cot
4. An Infant’s grave
Answer: 4

Q.69 Which of the following poets does William Hazlitt call ‘Don Quixote-like’ in his essay, My First Acquaintance with Poets?
1. William Wordsworth
2. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
3. William Cowper
4. Lord Byron
Answer: 1

Q.70 Which of the following poems by Thomas Hardy was originally titled By the Century’s Deathbed?
1. The Minute Before Meeting
2. Neutral Tones
3. The Darkling Thrush
4. The Oxen
Answer: 3

Q.71 The medieval English university organised its studies based on the seven liberal arts Three of these, the trivium, referred to the study of
1. arithmetic, geometry, music
2. astronomy, music, logic
3. geometry, grammar, music
4. grammar, logic, rhetoric
Answer: 4

Q.72 Given below are two statements—one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : The dialects of English that have resulted from the regional separation of English-speaking communities have not acquired the status of languages.
Reason (R) : The Germanic dialects that are now Dutch, English, German, Swedish etc., have become distinct owing to geographical dispersion.
In the light of the above two statements choose the correct option:
1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2. Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
4. (A) is false, but (R) is true
Answer: 2

Q.73 Which of the following statements best describes T. S. Eliot’s assertion that Shakespeare’s Hamlet is an ‘artistic failure”?
1. Hamlet’s emotion is not adequately objectified
2 Hamlet’s feelings far outweigh the release of his emotions
3. Hamlet’s obsession should have been within representational limits
4. Hamlet’s indecisiveness slows the steady progress of action
Answer: 1

74. Which of the following correctly describes ‘black humour’ as a morbid and provocative treatment of
1. old age and disease
2. youth and passionate love
3. death and disease
4. childhood and accident
Answer: 3

Q.75 Which of the following statements is true in terms of distribution of metrical feet?
1. Anapaestic is to Dactylic as Trochaic is to Iambic
2. Trochaic is to Anapaestic as Dactylic is to Iambic
3. Iambic is to Trochaic as Anapaestic is to Dactylic
4. Dactylic is to Trochaic as Iambic is to Anapaestic
Answer: 3

Q.76 Which two titles from among the following deal with issues related to the institutionalisation of English in post-independence India?
(a) Provocations
(b) Professing Literature
(c) The Lie of the Land
(d) The Muse Unchained
The right combination according to the code is
1. (a) and (d)
2. (a) and (c)
3. (b) and (c)
4 (c) and (d)
Answer: 2

Q.77 Which of the following propositions refers to the recommendations of Charles Grant?
1. The introduction of English as the medium of instruction in an Indian system of education that included literature, art and craft
2. The introduction of English as the medium of instruction from lower levels in a few states as an experiment
3. The introduction of English as the medium of instruction in a Western system of education that included literature, natural sciences and mechanical inventions
4. The introduction of English as the medium of instruction in regional medium institutions that included only literature
Answer: 3

Q.78 Which writer applied the term ‘cultural poetics’ to his own critical contribution to make literature and arts as part of social practice?
1. Stephen Greenblatt
2. Mikhail Bakhtin
3. Jonathan Dollimore
4. Raymond Williams
Answer: 1

Q.79 Who says the following lines and to whom?
“If it be aught toward the general good,
Set honor in one eye and death i’ th’ other,
And I will look on both indifferently.”
1. Octavius to Antony
2. Hamlet to Claudius
3. Brutus to Cassius
4. Casca to Calpumia
Answer: 3

Q.80 Who among the following explored the shifting and contested power-relations, knowledge and the human body?
1. Louis Althusser
2. Clifford Geertz
3. Jacques Lacan
4. Michel Foucault
Answer: 4

Q. 81 Match the character with the novel :
Character Novel
(a) Kate
(b) Florence
(c) Miss Havisham
(d) Agnes
(i) Great Expectations
(ii) Nicholas Nickleby
(iii) David Copperfield
(iv) Dombey and Son
Choose the correct option from those given below :
1. (a)-(i); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)
2. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)
3. (a)- (iii); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iv)
4. (a-iv); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(i)
Answer: 2

Q.82 The Sadler Commission Report (1917—1919) was critical of the quality of students graduating harm the university and had very perceptive remarks on English and the use of mother tongue in Indian education. What was this Commission appointed for?
1. To examine the functioning of the Directorate of Public Instruction in Delhi
2. To study the problems of Calcutta University
3. To investigate and recommend teaching methods of languages generally
4. To evolve a three-language formula for the Indian schools
Answer: 2

Q.83 Who wrote a guide called How to Write a Doctoral Thesis : The Humanistic Subjects, considered equal in standard to the American MLS Handbook or The Chicago Manual of Style?
1. Alain Robbe-Grillet
2. Cesare Pavese
3. Umberto Eco
4. Leo Spitzer
Answer: 3

84. Which of the following descriptions fits the unit of verse, Dacyl?
1. One stressed syllable followed by three unstressed syllables
2. One stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
3. Two stressed syllables followed by one unstressed syllable
4. Two stressed syllables followed by two unstressed syllables
Answer: 2

Q.85. Match the books with the writers :
(a) The Madwoman in the Attic
(b) The Wretched of the Earth
(c) Shakespearean Negotiations
(d) Is There a Text in This Class?
(i) Frantz Fanon
(ii) Stephen Greenblatt
(iii) Stanley Fish
(iv) Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar
Choose the correct option from those given below :
1. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
2. (a)-(i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
3. (a)-(iv); (b)-(i); (c)-(ii); (d)-(iii)
4. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
Answer: 3

Q.86 Who is referred to as ‘beast’ in the quote ‘Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood’ in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies
1. Ralph
2. Piggy
3. Simon
4. Roger
Answer: 3

Q.87 Which among the following clusters matches the prose style that came to be known as ‘CaIylese’?
1. Capital letters, exclamation marks, phrases in German
2. Question marks, long sentences, phrases in French
3. Frequent ellipses, Latin sayings, comic non-sequitors
4. Biblical phrases, capital letters, missing letters
Answer: 1

Q88. Which one of the following of Plato’s beliefs/acts was Shelley countering by saying that ‘poets are the acknowledged legislators of mankind”?
1. Banishment of poets from the republic
2. Distrust of value of poetry for mankind
3. Preference for legislators over poets
4. Description of poets as mad men
Answer: 3

Q.89 It is an axiom in mental philosophy, that we can think of nothing which we have not perceived When I say that we can think of nothing, I mean we can imagine nothing, we can reason of nothing, we can remember nothing, we can foresee nothing. The most astonishing combinations of poetry, the subtlest deductions of logic and mathematics, are no other than combinations Which the intellect makes of sensations according to its own laws. A catalogue of all the thoughts of the mind, and of all their possible modifications, is a cyclopaedic history of the universe.
According to the writer, perception is the basic epistemology. Which one of the following is the other accepted epistemology?
1. Language
2. Experience
3. Inference
4. Simile
Answer: 3

Q.90 According to the passage given, which of the following correctly captures the meaning of ‘a cyclopaedic history of the universe’?
1. The knowledge about the universe from its beginning to its possible end
2. A catalogue of rivers, mountains and continents
3. Statements about the universe based on logic and mathematics
4. A published encyclopaedia of the universe
Answer: 1

Q.91 Which of the following correctly list the two novels figuring the writer as a public figure, as a celebrity and as grist for the academic mill?
1. Rabbit Redux and Rabbit, Run
2. Rabbit is Rich and The Coup I
3. Of the Farm and The Centaur
4. Bech: A Book and Bech is Back
Answer: 4

Q.92 Which one of the following words best describes the heroes of Cervantes’ Don Quixote, Mark Twain’s The Adventure: of Tom Sawyer and Thomas Mann’s The Confessions: of Felix Krull”?
1. Ficelle
2. Picaro
3. Mannequin
4. Philanderer
Answer: 2

Q.93 Given below are two statements—one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R) :
Assertion (A) : Language constructs meaning.
Reason (R) : Language structures meanings depending on the speaking subjects’ perception, context and auditor(s).
In the light of the above two statements choose the correct option:
1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
2. Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
4. (A) is false, but (R) is true
Answer: 1

Q.94 Who among the following is one of the University Wits?
1. Thomas Hooker
2. Thomas Nashe
3. Michael Drayton
4. William Harvey
Answer: 2

Q. 95 In the study of AngIo-American literatures, certain distinguished names in critical/editorial scholarship become synonymous with famous writers and periods of literary history.
Match the following names with their respective areas of scholarship :
(a) Edward Mendelson
(b) Jerome McGann
(c) Stanley Fish
(d) Hugh Kenner
(i) John Milton
(ii) Ezra Pound
(iii) W. H. Auden
(iv) Textual Scholarship
Choose the correct option from those given below :
1. (a)-(ii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iv); (d)-(iii)
2. (a)-(iii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(ii)
3. (a)-(iv); (b-iii); (c)-(ii); (d)-(i)
4. (a)-(iii); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
Answer: 2

Q.96 Match the play with the subject matter of the play :
(a) The Doctor’s Dilemma
(b) You Never Can Tell
(c) Candida
(d) Arms and the Man
(i) Flouting of stage conventions
(ii) Satire on military heroes
(iii) Devaluation of social traditions
(iv) Mockery of physicians’ ignorance
Choose the correct option from those given below :
l. (a)-(ii); (b)-(iii); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i)
2. (a)-(iii); (b)-(i); (c)-(iv); (d)-(ii)
3. (a)-(i); (b)-(ii); (c)-(iii); (d)-(iv)
4. (a)-(iv); (b)-(iii); (c)-(i) (d)-(ii)
Answer: 4

The grocer’s children
eat day-old bread,
moldy cakes and cheese,
sot: black bananas
on stale shredded Wheat,
weeviled rice, their plates
heaped high with wilted
greens, bruised fruit,
surprise treats
from unlabelled cans,
tainted meat.
The grocer’s children
never go hungry.

Q.97 Which of the following words best describes the last sentence of the poem?
1. Ironic
2. Paradoxical
3. Pathetic
4. Disdainful
Answer: 1

Q. 98 Whose point of view seems to have been stated in the poem?
1. The Grocer’s
2. The children’s
3. The narrator’s
4. The poet’s
Answer: 3

Q. 99 What is suggested by the word ‘tainted’ in line 11?
1. Tinctured
2. Cooked
3. Spoiled
4. Boiled
Answer: 3

Q.100 How does the poem achieve its effect?
1. It lists a number of grocery items which do not have any tangible nutritive
2. It presents a series of inedible fare in the face of the basic need to eat
3. It strays away from the tongue-in—cheek beginning to state the obvious
4. It posits the circumspect existence of a reasonable plan to alleviate hunger
Answer: 2