Explanation: The text states that “class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state.” In plain English, this means that a citizen’s ability was more important than his wealth or status in classical Greek democracy, making (A) the best answer. Choice (B) is incorrect because the first sentence of the text contradicts the idea that the Greeks were imitating their neighbors. Choice (C) is incorrect because the last portion of the text describes people fearing, and thus obeying, the magistrates. Choice (D) is incorrect because the last portion of the text states that not all laws or codes are actually written down.
AP World History MCQs
Explanation: During the classical period and the period of Athenian democracy, the only people allowed to participate in the democratic process were adult males who were citizens by birth, (C). Women were excluded, so (B) and (D) are incorrect. Slaves were excluded, so (A) cannot be correct.