Explanation: According to the end of the excerpt, the North African slaves could look forward to the possibility of freedom. While all slave trade was motivated by profit, the passage indicates that the North Africans rationalized the capture of Africans who were considered idolaters (A). West African slaves were predominantly male; North African slaves were predominantly female (C). Slaves doing plantation work in the Caribbean had a notoriously shorter life span, and most of those slaves came from West Africa (D).
AP World History MCQs
Explanation: The map reflects the distribution of the defeated Central Powers’ territories by the League of Nations after World War I. The encomienda system is Latin American (A) and thus is not on the map. The Berlin Conference (C) dealt with all of Africa and included more European nations than simply Britain and France. The cold war (D) did not play out in the Middle East and would have referred to the Soviets and the United States.
Explanation: Self-determination refers to the right to rule oneself. Colonialism (A) involves a foreign power being either directly or indirectly in control of another nation. Containment (C) refers to the policy of stopping the spread of communism, which was not an issue in the Middle East. Mercantilism (D) was an economic system associated with colonialism and imperialism, whereas the map refers to political administration.
Explanation: By comparing the League of Nations to a bubble, the artist implies that it was delicate and could not last. Woodrow Wilson is creating, not destroying, the bubble (A). There is no reference to conflict in the cartoon (B). There is also no reference to the necessity for idealism or the idea that the League of Nations will improve the world (D).
Explanation: In theory, the United Nations was the successor to the League of Nations. Founded after World War II, it promoted peaceful international relations, acted as an arbiter in international disputes, and called for its member nations to solve sociocultural, economic, and political (humanitarian) problems around the world.
Explanation: The so-called war guilt clause forced Germany to agree that it was solely responsible for World War I, creating German anger and resentment toward the other European nations at the conference. Both France and Britain joined the League of Nations (A). Italy did not lose territory in World War I, although it did in World War II (C). The Austro-Hungarian Empire’s dissolution played no role in the hostilities leading up to World War II (D).