Explanation: Demand for Chinese products was high, but the Chinese had no interest in European goods, preferring instead to be paid in silver. This created a huge demand for silver, driving mining efforts by the Spanish in the Americas. Because the Portuguese did not have the resources to maintain control of the Indian Ocean trade, their prestige and power declined (A). The British had important colonies in India, and the Japanese also took steps to restrict trade with foreigners (B). The Malacca Strait, though important, was never controlled by the British (D).
AP World History MCQs
Explanation: Between 1933 and 1937, according to the chart, production of all the cited commodities increased. Consumer goods (A) are not referred to in the chart. While grain, flax, sugar beets, and oil seed experienced reduced outputs in 1938, cotton production increased (B). The Soviets had more, not less, demand for cotton than for flax fiber (C).
Explanation: The Balfour Declaration indicated that Britain could eventually support a Jewish state, and other countries made no public statement. The Zimmerman Telegram (B), the Berlin Conference (C), and the Non-Aligned Movement (D) do not refer to the Middle East and are therefore incorrect.
Explanation: After World War I, Italy, having joined the Allied Powers after the start of the war, received neither reparations nor territory; therefore, the Italians resented what they perceived to be an unfair division of the spoils of war. The Ottoman Empire was dissolved and never reformed (A); Australia (C) is completely irrelevant to the map; and Kuwait (D) never became part of Iraq.
Explanation: Because the slaves were predominantly women and had been captured by Arabs, they were most suited for domestic service or harems. Sugar plantations (B), cotton plantations (C), and armies (D) all favored physical strength, resulting in a preference for males. Arabs did not engage in the Atlantic slave trade, but sold slaves primarily in the Middle East.
Explanation: Specifying that captives were “idolatrous” makes it clear that the slavers were working off a religious premise. Choices A, B, and C all refer to the capture of slaves, not to their ultimate destination or purpose and not to their religious beliefs.